General illness, fatigue, body aches, or minor wound are common problems at every home. It is necessary to keep some medicines and supplements at home especially at the time of pandemics or disease outbreaks. As Covid-19 prevails and every one of us suffering from lockdown and we can’t see the doctor treat our minor health problems, here is a guide, which provides you the valuable information to treat your general health issues.
Pain and Fever
Anti-pyretic and analgesics (Pain killers and Fever relievers):
Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Aspirin (Tylenol, Naproxen, and Disprin)
You can use these medicines to relieving pain and fever. They can also be used in minor inflammation, muscle pains, and sprains. You can use Ibuprofen in menstrual pains as well.
These are available in orally administer solid form (tablet) and Liquid form (suspension). Paracetamol is safe in the usual dose but it should be avoided by liver compromised patients. These are also available especially ibuprofen, for topical use in Gel form for relieving joints pain and muscles sprains. Don’t apply this Gel on open wound. These medications are available as OTC.
NSAIDs can be used to relieve Migraines such as Aspirin and Ibuprofen
If Migraine is frequent with 4-5 episodes in a month you can use “triptans” (Sumatriptan, Amlotriptan, Naratriptan) or propranolol but only with the advice of Pharmacist. (Inderal, Sumoxen are recommended in this case).
Loratidine, Cetirizine, Chlorphenamine, Fexofenadine (Piriton, Fexet, Rijix, etc)
These are the medicines which we use for relieving allergy symptoms, like Rhinitis (runny or watery nose) Sneezing, Urticaria, Itching. You can also use these medicines to relieve pain and swelling because of insect bites (bees and wasps). Take 1 tablet initially at bedtime because they may cause drowsiness. They are also available over the counter in medical stores.
These medicines are also available in the form of topically applying gel/cream to reduce swelling and pain in case of insect bite.
Anti-emetics (to prevent vomiting):
Metoclopramide, Domperidone, prochlorperazine, Dimenhydrinate (Metomide, Motilium, stemetil, Gravinate)
These are easily available OTC medicines which are used for Nausea, Vomiting, Vertigo, and Motion Sickness. They are available in syrup and tablet form. In case of emergency they are used as an injectable but only at Hospitals and health care units.
Loperamide, Bismuth Subsalicylate, O.R.S (Imodium, Akso-D)
If you are suffering from severe diarrhea you can use these drugs, use only a single dose, and must-see your physician after it to avoid any further medical complications. Imodium is available in the form of orally administered Capsule while other is available in suspension as well as in tablet form.
O.R.S sachet (oral rehydration solution) must be kept at home to avoid diarrheal dehydration and electrolytes depletion (salts loss) of body.
Antacids (to prevent acidity):
Ranitidine, Omeprazole, Esomeprazole magnesium hydroxide (Risek insta, Zantac, Omezole, Esso)
You can take antacids in case of heartburn, indigestion. Antacids help in neutralizing the acid contents of stomach and also use as adjunct therapy in the treatment of stomach or duodenal ulcer. Antacids are present in the powder form as instant relieve sachet and capsule as well.
High Blood Pressure
Angised (Nitroglycerin), Inderal (Propranolol), Capoten (Captopril) and Lasix (Furosemide)
In case of emergency or someone in your family is a patient of Hypertension (high blood pressure), to avoid any medical complication of heart attack, M.I or angina some of essential medicines must be present in your medicine kit.
Only use the medicine in case of emergency. Consult to your pharmacist or Physician for the regular use of antihypertensive or high blood pressure drugs.
Somogel, Daktarin oral gel, Nilstat drops, Flurbiprofen tablet
At mid of night and suddenly you have a severe toothache and you can’t go to the pharmacy, don’t need to panic. Take the flurbiprofen tablet from your first aid kit. It will relieve your toothaches.
For Stomatitis (inflammation, ulcer or blister of mouth and lips) use Somogel, Daktarin oral gel or nilstat drops, while applying on orally infected region don’t swallow nilstat drops or above said gels.
Antitussive or cough suppressant:
Ammonium chloride, Dextromethorphan, Expectorants (Blominol, Hydrylin, Cofrest, Actifed-DM, Ascoril, Corflex)
In order to suppress the cough (dry or wet) one can use antitussive syrup. If the cough is persistent or with a history of more than 15 days there is a need to see the physician. A persistent cough may be due to an underlying cause.
Curine eye drops (Naphazoline), Polyfex eye ointment
If there is itchiness of eyes or someone wants a relief from redness, puffiness, or watery eyes due to some allergy or cold or maybe because of irritation of smog, smoke, swimming or contact lenses.
Curine eyes drops are best choice for it.
Polyfex eye ointment which contains Polymyxin B sulphate Bacitracin zinc can be used for mild infections. You can use polyfex for irritation, redness and itchiness of eyes as well.
Maintain First Aid Kit
Surgical/wound dressing wound washing solutions, antibiotic wound healing creams (Pyodine solution and gel, Polyfex, Cicatrin Powder) must be kept in the first aid box.
Some Important Instructions
- Keep all the medicine away from the children
- Must Read the Leaflet of drug present inside the packing
- Must check the expiry date of the medicine before its administration
- Call your pharmacist if there is any adverse effect or allergy after drug administration
- Store the medicine at a cool and dry place at optimum temperature mentioned on the label
- Consult your pharmacist if you are allergic to any of the ingredient of medicine (active or excipient)
- In case of frequent angina or persistent hypertension don’t rely on routine or symptoms relieving medicine, you need to visit a cardiologist or ask the pharmacist for an expert opinion.
- Don’t swallow drugs which are for oral application.
- Migraines are the allergic pains, must find out the root cause of it. Migraines can be triggered by Sun Light, Heat or cold, consumption of cheese or cheese products.
- Some anti-allergic drugs may cause drowsiness, don’t operate machinery, or don’t drive vehicles after administration.
Note: Adult doses are different from children or neonatal doses, use the medicine in the proper dose, to calculate the dose you can call your pharmacist or visit any reliable website as, Medscape, FDA, Medicare, Medline, WHO and etc.
Stay in touch with your pharmacist, he can advise and guide you in a better way if you need to take these medications on regular basis. Pharmacists are the best source of information. If symptoms are persistent must go to see the physician and check out the underlying cause or discuss with a pharmacist for an expert opinion.
Guest Writer: Candlelight Guide dearly acknowledges the valuable contribution by Fawad Bashir (Doctor of Pharmacy, Final Year) in this blog. You can share your feedback with Fawad at email@example.com.